Network Effects

The phenomenon in which a network becomes exponentially more valuable as more nodes or connections are added to it, for example, people in a social network or train routes in a transit network.

Facebook, in itself, has little or no value without the network effect created by millions of users contributing content every day.

A collection of instructions and necessary datasets for a computer to perform functions for a human or machine user. Also known as an app or application.

Programs, or Apps, are a combination of algorithms and datasets, designed to do a specific set of tasks in a particular order to fulfill a human need.

A map of a website showing the interconnected structure of all of the pages, without any of the content. Primarily used for planning layout, content placement, and navigation through the site.

We wanted to see how all the pages on our website will be connected to each other before we placed the content, so we asked our developer to create a wireframe.
Design Thinking

A human-centered approach to innovation that focuses on understanding the problems and goals of potential customers or users as a method of defining and testing new product ideas.

We use design thinking methods, such as user observation and empathy experiences, to ensure that we solve real problems for real people, rather than just spending our time making products that we want to make.
Application or App

A collection of instructions and necessary datasets that allows a computer to perform functions for a human or machine user. Also known as a program or software application. In casual usage, may refer to apps purchased from an app store and/or used on a mobile device.  

My bank is offering an app now, so I can download it and use it on my phone to do my banking instead of logging in to my account through a web browser.
User Experience (UX)

The sum of all interactions a user could have with an app or other digital offering. Also can refer to the discipline of examining and working to improve the way that human users must interact with a digital tool or website to get value from it.

I stopped using that app because the user experience was terrible. I could never figure out how to get back to the menu, and it kept logging me out.
Market Requirements Document (MRD)

A document that details any market conditions that are relevant to a product, including information about customers and what specific problems a product will solve for them.

The MRD helped us understand what our potential customers expect and what they will need to accomplish. Without it, we wouldn't know if we are making relevant and useful software, because our software developers cannot always directly observe and interview users.

Product Requirements Document (PRD)

A document that details what a specific product will be able to do in terms of key functions and features.

If you want to understand what the app will do when it's finished, check out the PRD.

In the context of digital factories, velocity is a reflection of a team's ability to communicate efficiently. It refers to the speed at which the software can be adapted to changes in security environments, the needs of users, or business updates.

One of the best measurements of a digital factory's success is velocity.
Open Source

Software code that is available to and editable by an entire community of developers.

That code is open-source, so anyone can use it.

Applying the concept of open-source software to proprietary software, meaning only those inside the business can edit it, but that authority is shared between product teams or departments.

Several teams are working on that - we've innersourced it to keep things amicable.
Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)

The strategy and process for creating or updating computer programs taking into account every aspect of the software's use, including planning, deployment, and eventual retirement.

Some developers don't think about how they might eventually retire their products, and so have not fully considered the software development lifecycle.

A traditional, linear method of software development where each phase of the project cascades into the next, and all movement is in a single direction toward a 'finished' product that (hopefully) requires no updates or revisions.

We're using a waterfall approach for this app project, so we need to make sure we have all our features planned out before we start development.

A focused, accelerated work period for a team, intended to complete a substantial software development goal.

Once we finish this sprint, things will calm down a bit.
User Acceptance Testing (UAT)

A final phase of a software development process wherein users determine whether the software performs as intended and expected.

The team thought they were done with the 'save' dialog box until they got to UAT and found that it didn't show up on Android mobile devices.
Product Stage

The maturity level of a piece of software, such as alpha (limited functionality and low reliability), beta (near full functionality but limited reliability), or general availability (fully functional and reliable).

A new beta release of Apple's photo editing app is available to select testers, we should download it and see if it's stable enough to use yet.
T-shirt Size

A shorthand for describing the effort and/or complexity of a task in a larger project.

The t-shirt size of the bug fix for capitalized text is an extra-small, but integrating 'sign in with google' is a size large.

Also referred to as a 'retro', this is the period after a sprint is completed, where all those involved share feedback and learnings to improve the experience and efficiency of the next sprint.

Always keep a note of all the issues and challenges you faced during a sprint, as we can use them in the retro to learn how to make the process better next time.
Quality Assurance and Quality Assistance (QA)

Testing and validating that software functions properly and securely. The term evolved from quality assurance—a step towards the end of the process—to quality assistance, which provides programmers with quality support throughout the development process.

The QA team found some pages that don't render correctly on iPad, we'll need to fix that before the beta launch.
Product (in DevOps context)

A bundle of resources and functions that solve a problem for a user or customer, even if it's not monetized or obviously separate from other components of an offering.

Apple's iCloud product offers data storage, online document editing, photo sharing, and other common functions to iOS and Mac OS users.
Lean Development

A software development approach that emphasizes efficiency by creating Minimum Viable Products for testing and iteration, instead of trying to create a perfect product before users try it out.

Using a lean development approach, we were able to get an MVP to market much sooner, and we can use the feedback to improve it for use in the real world.
Issue Ticketing

A method of tracking specific problems—such as bugs, security, or missed user expectations—as service 'tickets' with a case history, associated user or stakeholder contacts, prioritization, and plans for resolution.

The call center representative listened to the user's problems and suggested a few fixes, but when they did not work, she created a ticket to ensure the problem will get solved.
Development Security Operations (DevSecOps)

Development Security Operations or DevSecOps is the practice of involving security and compliance departments in the early stages of software development.

Without good DevSecOps, there's a risk our product may not be as secure enough to keep our customers' data safe. This would be a huge liability for the company.
Development Operations (DevOps)

A software development methodology that allows companies to produce, release, and monitor iterative software updates on vastly reduced timetables, compared to traditional software development.

We want to be able to keep improving our software product quickly and easily after it is released, so we're going to use a DevOps approach.

A short, informal, recurring meeting in which colleagues share current individual project statuses and make requests for support.

I think we need some help to troubleshoot this issue. Let's bring it up in standup tomorrow and see if anyone has capacity to work on it with us.
Continuous Testing

The practice of using recurring automated assessments of a program’s efficiency and stability in a controlled environment to quickly detect business risks associated with a software release or update.

Since this software is critical to the business' operations, we should implement continuous testing before we make any updates.
Continuous Feedback

The practice of regularly collecting both structured and unstructured assessments and critiques to apply to future development.

Continuous feedback will help us stay informed about what needs to be fixed or improved in our app.
Continuous Delivery / Continuous Deployment

Continuous delivery is the practice of developing software in short release cycles where updates are automatically tested and then deployed manually on a regular basis. Continuous Deployment is similar, except that deployment happens automatically as soon as an update has passed the necessary automated tests. Both practices put updates in the hands of users quickly to get feedback as soon as possible and avoid the pressure of big batch releases.

We always want our customers to have the best, most current version of our app possible, so instead of doing a quarterly update, we practice continuous deployment.

Code Repository

A directory, local or remote, that holds code that is being worked on, in various versions, as well as documentation and notes about the development process so far.

Our whole team uses the same code repository, so we can always find the most up-to-date versions of whatever we're working on.

An operation that submits and saves new software code to a version-controlled repository, usually grouped around a specific problem which has been solved.

The team committed a fix today that resolved a security vulnerability in our app.
Code Quality

A metric that assesses a piece of code for adaptability, efficiency, legibility for other developers, and ability to be updated in the future.  

High quality code is stable under testing, easily upgradeable, and has uniform syntax so it is easy for other developers to understand.

A specific version of a software or program, after the separate pieces of code have been combined, but before release.

Once all of these changes have been put into the new build, we'll need to test it before release.

A prioritized list detailing the current state of unfinished tasks and dependencies for a project.

Add it to the backlog, we'll deal with it as soon as we're done with the urgent stuff.
Auto Ticket Creation

A user support system reliant on a combination of AI and support documentation to resolve common user issues immediately and escalate to the appropriate parties automatically.

If a user searches for an answer that is not covered in our FAQ, an auto ticket creation system lets us know so we can reach out to them directly.
Automated Dashboard

A software tool and interface that displays the current status of key performance indicators related to business or user needs.

Our team leader starts each daily progress meeting by looking at our dashboard to check the backlog of programming tasks and the team's velocity.

An approach to project management that's organized around short, iterative cycles of development and emphasizes the ability to respond to changing requirements and resources.

An agile approach means we don't have to try and think up every possible thing that can go wrong - we can launch and then update as we learn more about how our app is working in the real world.

Identified similarities between decomposed elements, allowing them to be grouped together or processed in the same way.

The algorithm looks for patterns that can help it catalog the data appropriately.
Computational Thinking

A mindset that allows machines and humans to work together to solve real-world problems, using Decomposition, Abstraction, Patterns, Algorithms, and Programs.

Using computational thinking, we can take the task of pouring a glass of water and break it down into a series of smaller, machine-friendly tasks like confirming the position of the glass relative to the pitcher.

A collection of instructions and necessary datasets for a computer to perform functions for a human or machine user. Also known as an app or application.

If I want to use my computer to make a new logo, I'm going to need to install a graphic design program.
Shared Services

An evolution of monolithic architecture where resources are consolidated into a central organization that serves 'internal clients' in the company.

Instead of having a different IT department for each business unit, our company is using a shared service model. So all the whole company's IT is managed by one team.

A series of unambiguous instructions that enables a machine to process data, make decisions, or solve problems in a specific way.

We created an algorithm that quickly sorts large amounts of data into different sets and tag them appropriately.

Part of the Computational Thinking process that filters out any unnecessary information in order to concentrate on relevant details.

There's a lot of extra data in this report, lets abstract it a bit so the software can process it quickly.

Breaking down a complex problem into several simpler problems.

To enable a navigation app to complete a task like showing me how to get to work, the job needs to be decomposed into smaller steps such as determining journey start and end points, finding an efficient route between the two, and tracking my car as I drive to make sure I'm following the right route.
Product Management

Product Management is the skill of balancing business goals with user needs to result in offerings that satisfy stakeholders and customers equally.

Our Product Managers make sure we're creating things that customers love, while still making a return on our investment.
Shadow IT

Technology that is not managed or approved by a company's IT department but is nonetheless used by employees to do their work.

I copied all of that into a Google Doc so we could work on it together. It'll be much quicker, just don't tell anyone we're using Shadow IT.

A set of tools used together, sometimes in a specific sequence, in order to perform a complex action or process.

Creating updates for our software products is so much faster and more reliable now that we use a toolchain to develop and test new versions before release.
Tech Debt

An ever-increasing backlog of necessary technology upgrades, usually caused by postponing new technology additions for fear of disruption or cost.

With larger, older companies having decades of tech debt, it's no wonder that newer organizations can move and adapt more quickly to changing circumstances.
Monolithic Architecture

A single system designed to deal with all of a company's digital needs. It is often proprietary, static, and very difficult to adapt or update.

Before machines were designed to communicate with each other, many organizations developed systems with a monolithic architecture mindset to address all of a company's digital needs from one place.
Service Mesh

A technology layer that enables a user to configure, monitor, and manage interactions between various microservices. As microservices are designed with interoperability in mind, users can often choose various options from many different providers to create a fully-customizable 'service mesh' that has all the functionality they require.

The service mesh of our online store connects no-code website development, inventory management, and payment microservices, each from different providers but working seamlessly via APIs.

Single-function services, designed to be interoperable with each other on a pick-and-choose basis, offering a fully customizable approach instead of a full suite of tools and functionality from a single provider.

Amazon created AWS by breaking their website down into each individual function, then offering those functions to other businesses as microservices so they can select only the ones they need.

Information Technology (IT)

Software and hardware technologies that organize, store, use and transmit digital information or data. "IT" can also be shorthand for the teams and departments who build and maintain digital technology within an organization.

IT used to mean the people I'd call when my work computer froze up, but now information technology is part of most of my company's products and customer interactions too.
Internet of Things (IoT)

The ability for devices to share data and communicate with one another and with human users through an internet connection. Commonly used to refer to 'smart home' devices or sensor networks.

The Internet of Things makes it possible for my phone to automatically tell the heater and lights to turn on at my house when I'm on my way home from work.


An acronym for End User License Agreement.

A contract outlining the terms and conditions that a user must agree to in order to use a specific app or digital service.

I know I probably should read all the fine print in a EULA, but I usually just click 'agree' so I can move on to using the app.

Data Insights

Deeper understanding or recommendations that result from data analysis.

We're collecting a lot of customer behavior data, but now we need to analyze it to get insights that will help us serve them better.
Data Exhaust

Data generated by human activity that is recorded or logged without a specific intent in mind.

Our data exhaust includes keycard logins, the individual devices that connect to the office wifi, and security camera feeds.

Fundamental Data

Something directly and intentionally measured in a standardized way, often used in reference to financial data like stock performance or annual revenue.

The fundamental data collected by my Smartwatch includes my heart rate, steps walked, and the time I fall asleep.

Alternative Data

An adjacent or 'non-traditional' dataset that is used to infer something about a ‘traditional’ dataset, for example using weather data to project a swimwear company's retail sales potential over the summer months.

We've started using alternative data like social media mentions to predict how many shoppers are planning to visit our store when we have a special event like a holiday sale.
Software Development Kit (SDK)

A set of digital tools and components provided by a company for use by third-party developers who want to make applications that are compatible with a specific platform or framework.

If we want people to make apps that work well on our system, we should assemble an SDK and release it as soon as possible.
Application Program Interface (API)

A way to standardize data and commands that allows multiple programs or systems to communicate with each other for specific tasks without needing them to be fully interoperable or integrated.

I feel much more comfortable when shopping websites use PayPal's API to process my payment instead of having to share my credit card info with them directly.
Feedback Loop

A mechanism by which a system uses the 'outputs' of its activities as 'inputs' that trigger changes in itself.  In a human context, this could be customer satisfaction data that is captured and used to guide product updates. A digital thermostat that uses sensor data to tell the heater or air conditioner when to turn off and on is an everyday example of an automated feedback loop.

We should include a feedback loop in our shopping app so it can make smarter product recommendations based on what a user has bought in the past.
Natural Language Processing (NLP)

A set of algorithms designed to help machines understand natural human speech. Siri, Google Assistant, and Alexa all rely heavily on natural language processing.

Thanks to advancements in NLP, I can type a question into Google using exactly the language I'd use with a friend and it still gives me good results. I remember when I used to have to word my searches way more carefully so the program could understand what I was looking for.

Predictive Analytics

Using data, statistical algorithms, and machine learning to calculate the likelihood of future outcomes. This is different from traditional analytics which focus only on what happened in the past.

The department of transportation is using predictive analytics to identify times and locations that are at a high risk of flooding.
Machine Learning

A type of artificial intelligence technology that uses evolving data and pattern recognition to improve its functions without being re-programmed or directed by a human user. For example, a machine learning software that predicts which loan customers are more likely to make their loan payments on time could use new data about incoming payment dates each month to improve its predictions and become more accurate over time.

We may not be able to program this software to know how to respond to every situation, but at least any surprises will tell the machine learning algorithm what to watch out for in the future.

A sequence of rules and decision forks that is used to solve a specific problem or perform a complex multi-step task. Algorithms can be used by humans in the context of mathematics, but the term is most commonly used to refer to a computer program.

It may seem like this computer is making decisions on its own, but really it can only choose one of two options according to the rules in an algorithm we programmed it to use.

Data Analysis

Examining and transforming data to extract information and discover new insights. Essentially, the process in which data becomes information.

Thankfully we have a new team member who specializes in data analytics, so finally we'll be able to use the data we're collecting to help us make better decisions.
Data Taxonomy

A classification system for your data that allows you to assign specific categories to each record within your dataset. A well-designed taxonomy helps you and your organization rigorously track what data you have, or could have, and also helps organize your metadata.

Before we had a clear data taxonomy, we had so many redundancies and gaps in our data catalog. Now that the categories and tags are standardized, it's much easier to know what data we have and what we still need to collect.

Data Hygiene

The practice of checking, correcting, labeling, and normalizing data.

We have collected a lot of useful data, but if we don't practice good data hygiene the insights we get from it won't be very reliable.
Data Lake

A centralized repository containing large amounts of assorted data with the intention of storing it all in one place until you have a use for it. For example, Facebook's 'Social Graph' is a data lake that collects and cross-references all data generated by every user for future analysis.

We haven't fully built out our data analysis capabilities so we're just collecting everything in a data lake for now to make sure we don't dispose of data that might be useful later.
Data River

A combination of data coming from multiple different sources and merging into the same repository.

The incoming data may look like one big data river, but it's actually a combination of data streams from social media, retail locations, and our website.
Little Data

Specific data points about an individual. Common examples include location, time and duration of logins on various devices, shopping and purchase activity, or preference settings in apps.

Little data sometimes includes specialized tools that build a profile, called a social graph, that represents and organizes the many facets of a persons identity, behavior, and social networks.

I like what my iPhone can do with my little data, like the graphs in my health app that show my sleep patterns and exercise activity, but I'm not very comfortable with the idea of anyone else having access to that kind of detail about my life.
Big Data

Large datasets of structured and unstructured data that come from many sources and, due to their size, require specialized tools to analyze. Big data contains information about many individuals, organizations, or systems and it is often used to look for patterns or generate statistics because of the diverse and broad datasets it contains.

We are using an AI to analyze big data from healthcare and pharmaceutical sources and look for patterns in patient recovery rates that may not be obvious to humans.

Data Sovereignty

The concept that data should be subject to the laws of the country in which is it collected, stored, and processed while it is within that country.

Êurope's GDPR legislation and the California Consumer Privacy Act are both examples of Data Sovereignty laws.

Data Architecture

The models, policies, rules, and standards that govern which data is collected and how it is stored, arranged, integrated, and put to use in data systems and in organizations.

Good data architecture is essential if we want to be able to use the data we collect.

Data In Motion

Data that is dynamic, 'live', moving and changing in real time, as opposed to a static file saved on one machine.

Water is a good metaphor for data in motion: a ‘stream’ like a live video feed or a ‘flow’ of stock market data.
Data At Rest

Data that is not actively moving from one device to another, for example, files saved to a hard drive.

The bank hired me to secure their customer data archive, since data at rest can be an attractive target for hackers.
Cloud Storage

Files and folders stored online, rather than on a local hard drive.

Google Drive, Dropbox, and iCloud are all examples of cloud storage providers.


Data about another piece of data, used to understand, sort, and validate datasets to increase their usefulness. Common examples of metadata include the send and receive dates of emails, the unique address of a server, or info about which app was used to post a particular message to Twitter.

Make sure we're capturing the time, date and location info for all these event recordings, since we'll need that metadata later.

Data Marketplaces

A digital space designed for parties to buy, sell, and lease data to each other, including both broad and highly-focused datasets. For example, on Amazon Web Services' marketplace, users can source and sell data on COVID-19, real estate, satellite imagery, healthcare claims, traffic, and many other topics.

I'm not sure it makes sense for us to try to acquire all the data we need for our research directly. Maybe we should see if there's a data marketplace where we could buy some datasets to use?
Data Catalog

A comprehensive list of the datasets that are available from an organization or other source. For example, scientific researchers might need a list of all the medical statistics datasets they can access, so they can design experiments around what data is available.

I'm not sure what kind of customer data we have stored, but if you search the data catalog you can see all the different types, where they came from, and when they were collected.
Raw Data

Data that has not yet been manipulated, processed, or sorted. Raw data is rarely of use to humans.

The sensors are capturing a lot of data but it's still raw so only a robot can make any sense of it at the moment.
Informed Consent

The ethical practice of taking steps to ensure that users know where and how their data will be used, and what this might mean for them in the future, before they give consent for that data to be collected.

Sure we have an end user license agreement that our users must accept before logging in, but since most people just click accept without reading the fine print I don't think we should count that as informed consent.
What is Quantum Computing? | IBM

Explore use cases for quantum spanning from electronic vehicles to complex energy challenges, along with explainers of key quantum concepts.

Get Ready for the Quantum Impact

This white paper by Accenture details their perspective on the future of quantum computing with compare and contrasts to analog computing, foresight into business use cases and steps you can take to apply this to your business.

IBM Quantum Composer

Want to get nerdy and experiment with quantum circuits? IBM built an interactive tool for you to experiment with—all you need is a browser.

Meta establishes 4-foot “personal boundary” to deter VR groping [Updated] | Ars Technica
Ars Technica

Our virtual experience impacts our physical well-being. Online harassment has real-world consequences. Read this article to see how the personal space boundary was developed to curb the virtual harassment of avatars—our virtual extensions of self.

What is Quantum Computing | Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure provides a simple and direct set of definitions, explanations and examples of quantum computing.

Quantum Computing Expert Explains One Concept in 5 Levels of Difficulty | WIRED - YouTube

Learn about quantum computing as it's explained to a child, a teen, an undergrad, a graduate student, and an expert to see the concept at various levels of complexity and gain language to communicate it to others.

Acura Integra NFT

Acura is the first automaker to open a digital showroom in the metaverse. This digital showroom offers a digital look at the company's newest model coupled with a limited edition NFT and digital clothing line by artist Andreas Wannerstedt. Acura is differentiating itself from other competitors by meeting customers in virtual worlds.

Horizon Worlds | Virtual Reality Worlds and Communities

Horizon Worlds is a virtual world powered by Meta's Oculus technology. Meta is the rebranded name for the Facebook corporation, and their rebrand emphasizes the mainstream importance of metaverses. Given Meta's considerable financial resources and popularity, as well as VR hardware technology, Horizon Worlds will likely be a prominent metaverse over the next few years.

The Sandbox Game — User-Generated Crypto & Blockchain Games

The Sandbox is a metaverse that was initially a mobile phone game and has pivoted to become a decentralized immersive 3D world-builder. It has over two million users. To join in, you will need a cryptocurrency wallet that enables you to buy and sell NFTs on its marketplace, backed by the Ethereum blockchain. A unique aspect of The Sandbox is the ability to buy, sell and rent out virtual land, sometimes for a profit.

Welcome to Decentraland

Decentraland is a metaverse where users have the agency to develop and profit from their content. It was the first metaverse to be backed by the Ethereum cryptocurrency. Its blockchain-based software allows users to purchase and own virtual land as a recorded digital asset.

Fortnite’s Ariana Grande concert offers a taste of music in the metaverse | TechCrunch
Tech Crunch

Virtual worlds lack physical boundaries and are by nature immersive and deeply expansive. Currently, the most coveted metric for any online experience is user engagement. The metaverse can host millions of users simultaneously, revolutionizing event production. Pop star Ariana Grande's massively attended and immersive online concert shows us the potential for future music and entertainment platform events.

The Metaverse and Crypto | The Motley Fool
The Motley Fool

In an open and immersive virtual world, data, currencies, and transactions are core aspects of a digitally native experience. Use this article to get to know how these ideas are entangled with the economic fabric of virtual reality.


Roblox is a gaming platform that has several virtual worlds contained within it. Wildly popular first among young people, Roblox has an active user base exceeding 150 million. What sets this platform apart from its competitors is its concern for the safety of its (often young) user base while connecting them in real-time. Their success proves a critical aspect of a developing metaverse is real-time interaction with engaging activities in a welcoming environment.

The Ikea Place App Shows the Practical Promise of AR Kit | WIRED

Ikea shortens the gap between designing your space and purchasing their products by developing an AR app that helps you improve your furniture buying experience.

How the Metaverse Could Change Work
Harvard Business Review

Virtual reality and the technologies that power it are not only changing the way we think about work but also how and where we work together. This technology opens up opportunities for business and innovation on a global scale.

Metaverse DAO – Let's build the future

MetaverseDAO is a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) that creates value through "yield-farming" across different networks. This site is not a metaverse but a financial organization that uses its profits to build VR/AR gaming. Using blockchain technology, the user's who have invested in this process collectively vote and authorize projects.

VR vs. AR vs. MR vs. XR: What's the difference? - Big Think
Big Think

New technologies can have overlapping capabilities while taking up the same conceptual space. Use this article to understand the basics of VR, AR, MR, and XR and how they relate to each other.

Current and Potential Uses of AR/VR for Equity and Inclusion | ITIF

There is a profound opportunity to develop AR/VR technology that uplifts marginalized and disabled communities. Read this post as it is a powerful primer on future action and innovation toward an accessible and equitable Metaverse.

The creation of the metaverse: The market | VentureBeat

Use this article to familiarize yourself with the basic concepts of the Metaverse. It contains an interesting take on how VR headsets will need to become a lot more user-friendly before GenZ mass adopts the hardware.

Goldman, Wells Fargo, JPMorgan embrace quantum computing - Protocol

Learn why some of the biggest banks are investing in quantum computing and how simulations are used to forecast market effects. Could the race to this new faster technology redefine the banking industry?

3 Reasons Why VR and AR Are Slow to Take Off

Curious about the market potential for VR and AR? Introduce yourself to three reasons why VR and AR might be considered "slow to take off".

Quantum computers: Computing the impossible - YouTube

This fun-to-watch introduction to quantum computing introduces fundamentals such as the definition of a qubit, quantum entanglement, and some potential use cases for this type of computing.

Can we create a moral metaverse? | The metaverse | The Guardian
The Guardian

People bring behaviors like creativity, joy and care into the metaverse. They also bring bad ones, like harassment and abuse. The metaverse as an idea requires moderating not just content but attending to behavior. Some moments of harassment lead to innovation of features like a personal boundary function around an avatar. Also there is a lot of opportunity for skillful upgrades of AI and content moderation—especially in 'context-aware' recognition of potential harms.

Now Is The Time To Talk About Ethics And Privacy In The Metaverse

Several issues are important to solve in the creation of metaverses, such as hyper-reality that causes VR sickness and privacy. Users are willing to engage in an exchange of data as long as they have agency over it. If technology starts to catalog thought through Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) or biometric data larger ethical issues can arise.

What distinguishes a metaverse from an online video game? – Plugavel

Online video games are a rallying point for entertainment and world-building. The need to play, explore and create is a shared value between games and metaverses because gaming is often an entry point into new ideas and technology. The metaverse takes the world-building of gaming a step further and releases us from any single programmed narrative, and allows the user to explore and define their own experience.

Metaverse and Money: Decrypting the Future
Citi Bank

Take a deep dive into the definitions of the metaverse and their financial and market implications with this white paper written by Citibank.

The Metaverse, Explained for People Who Still Don’t Get It

If you still don't quite get what the Metaverse is, this article will help you with some basic definitions, relationships, and applications.

What Is the Metaverse, Exactly? | WIRED

Another dive into the ideas, structure and potential of the metaverse. The important take away is that the term 'Metaverse' "doesn't refer to one specific type of technology, but rather a broad (and often speculative) shift in how we interact with technology."

APIs are becoming a cybersecurity disaster zone

APIs are becoming very popular, and many companies are experiencing API-related cybersecurity incidents. Techradar breaks down the facts about API security risks and links them to a report that can help enterprises make informed decisions about their data.

Workrooms | VR for Business Meetings

By meeting in virtual space teams create a space for relationships to grow regardless of physical proximity. Oculus by Meta looks to promote an immersive and global remote working culture using VR technology.

How Brands Can Enter the Metaverse
Harvard Business Review

A quick read focusing on how brand management teams can access the marketing and community potential of the metaverse. Becoming an early adopter in this new digital landscape sets brands apart from their competitors.

Opportunities in the Metaverse
JPMorgan Chase

This whitepaper from ONYX by J.P Morgan promotes a "buy-in early" mentality alongside a valuation of the metaverse being a $1 trillion market opportunity.

Virtual real estate plot sells for record $2.4 million | Reuters

A patch of virtual real-estate in the metaverse Decentraland sold for the equivalent of 2.4 million USD using MANA (Decentraland's unique cryptocurrency). These digital "land grabs" show a building interest and act as a legitimizing signal for innovation, entrepreneurship, and digital business.

The risks and rewards of investing in the Metaverse real estate boom

A CNBC video reporting on the speculative value of virtual real-estate while also explaining some fundamentals of the potential metaverse.

Getting your financial institution ready for the quantum computing revolution

This research piece by IBM explores various quantum computing possibilities for the financial world.

Quantum Computers Explained – Limits of Human Technology

Kurzgesagt makes creative, visually-compelling short videos that explore advanced topics in simple terms. Here, they unpack the bizarre dynamics of qubits and why quantum computing is so compelling.

Fast Company
After embracing “hacking” in its own design strategy this year, the furniture giant is celebrating customers who alter its designs in creative, unexpected ways.
Personalized content is becoming more popular in the marketing scene. What has your company done in that context?

Personalization has been a buzzword in product innovation and marketing for years, but many brands are challenged to find ways to personalize that are efficient, relevant, and valuable. Adidas succeeded in finding that balance—leveraging cutting edge tech just enough to create valuable personal take-aways for this shared physical experience.

Albert Heijn, Holland’s largest supermarket chain, has revealed it is using blockchain for its own-brand “sustainable” orange juice’s supply chain.

One way co-creation and shared purpose can show up between brands and customers is through supply chain transparency. It's interesting to see how blockchain can make it possible to offer supply chain information directly to the customer as they shop, with very little friction. We're curious to see how this data-driven conversation between brands and customers evolves, and excited to see the customer-to-farmer tip option facilitated by this tech!

Harvard Business Review
Which kind of leader are you?

In our conversations about Thinking Styles, we often discuss how enterprise culture sees some styles as more valuable than others in leadership roles. We had some epiphanies when we combined the model in this HBR article with our own, thinking about how different Thinking Styles may be expressed in these various leadership types.

My Modern Met
Instead of money, waiters in Japan receive origami as tips.

Great example of an activity that happens in the relationship between customer and company, but is totally unrelated to the purchase or use of the product. You don't have to make origami out of the chopstick paper to enjoy eating at a sushi restaurant... but the paper's there so why not add a little value and meaning to the experience? And wouldn't it be cool if brands co-created this with customers by printing chopstick sleeves with patterns intended for origami? I noticed some customers have already come up with designs which use the pattern on the paper in creative ways.
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The long term relationship between tech users and sellers includes more interactions related to usage and repair than new purchases. Pulling more of those interactions into their ORBIT—regardless of where the products were purchased—is a smart move.

The results are surprising.

Interesting use of mobile and AI to enhance a brand ORBIT around a shared purpose with little data

The Wise Marketer - Featured News on Customer Loyalty and Reward Programs
Acorns, the U.S.-based micro-investment app that deposits the spare change from your purchases into an investment account, has launched a simple but potentially appealing reward programme for its largely Millennial user base. The programme, called Found Money, is a cash-back reward programme that allows partner brands to, as the company puts it, "invest in Millennials' […]

Talk about generating brand gravity—"I invest in brands who invest in me."
We were living a meme, one that as far as I can tell started just shortly before it swept us up in its B6 Self-Serve Blender-like force.

Convenience stores + DIY food prep + social media = milkshakes as social currency. Imagine all the free marketing Chevron and F'Real are getting from this. What's the key? Customers become co-creators by making the shakes themselves, which makes stopping at a gas station into a shareable event.

The New York Times
There’s a reason video games are such fertile ground for white nationalist recruitment.

Dangerous or negative things can occur in an ORBIT too. Shared interests often come with other shared traits or demographics, which can make customer communities a prime target for third party manipulation. Brands and products which are fostering peer to peer co-creation and communication should be aware of how those communities may be exploited. The challenge: finding the right balance of empowering customers to freely connect and managing peer-to-peer spaces as a reflection of your brand's Shared Purpose and values.

Apple Music
The Taycan will be the first fully-electric Porsche - and just as soulful as the music on this playlist.

"All Porsche models have something in common: They have a soul. A certain feeling you get as a driver as soon as you get behind the wheel." Porsche knows that music is a major factor in shaping that "certain feeling," so they leveraged a partnership with Apple Music in a playlist representing their new electric vehicle the Taycan. Smart move in giving a digital vibe to this new-tech vehicle, while also adding to the ongoing experience of the brand as atmosphere.

As we push for that change, brands have the power to not just play a role in the cultural conversation, but to help shape it.

Forbes highlights a trend in gender-targeted brands that are aligning with  socio-cultural conversations relevant to their customers. Especially appreciated this quote from a marketing executive:  “Brands must first look at their mission statement and ethos to ensure that the messaging they want to deploy aligns with their core. Consumers can sense when something isn’t authentic and it will instantly set up the brand for unwanted backlash.”